The modern city has evolved through multiple main phases such as industrialism, peak of capitalism, urbanisation and globalisation (Harvey, Spring 2000). These major periods changed the way the city used to function, “in making the city, man has remade himself” (Harvey, 2008). More cases of exclusion at a social, cultural, political and economic level and a more capitalist approach, constituted few of these changes. The heterogeneity of the city citizens further enhanced these effects. Consequently the city resources started to get inequitably distributed among its population, resulting in the need to understand the concept of an inclusive city.

A range of topics was studied by the whole class. We were specifically studying inclusivity of open spaces in Anand Vihar, New Delhi.

Open Spaces
Open spaces constitute a vital component of the city. They act as the lungs of the city, providing for breathable spaces in the city, linkages amongst the different constituents of the city and provide it with an aesthetic appeal, breaking away from the built mass.
The environmental and ecological functions of an open space deals with flora and fauna and the ecological aspect of the open space. On the other hand, structure and aesthetic, comprises of aspects such as a sense of place and the value, scale and size of the city fabric.
‘Social and societal’ function of open spaces, refers to the ability of the open spaces to provide for leisure and recreation, facilitate social interaction and communication and impart access to and experience of nature. They also includes bridging the gap between the multiple groups in society without repressing their differences. Thus, in other words, it brings democracy into open spaces.
Anand Vihar
50 open spaces of Anand Vihar were visited and their broad physical features and users were recorded. These open spaces have been marked by the green patches as shown on the master plan 2021.
These spaces were classified according to the categories described in MPD 2021 and based on preliminary observations, 4 sites were selected for detailed study.
We realised that the designs of open spaces are mostly similar. Standard elements are applied to each space which are insensitive to the actual needs and requirements of the users, indicating a centralised and a top-down design approach.
There is a need to embrace the diversity in design and management of these open spaces.
It is important to promote public participation by empowering local bodies in the design process of open spaces to hence yield a more inclusive system of open spaces.